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Global Health Data Exchange

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The Global Health Data Exchange (GHDX) facilitates access to rigorous and comparable measurement of the world's most important health problems and evaluates the strategies used to address them. Data is provided by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), an independent global health research center at the University of Washington. IHME makes this information freely available through GHDX so that policymakers have the evidence they need to make informed decisions about how to allocate resources to best improve population health.

The IMHE also produces its own proprietary data to assess the global burden of diseases : the GBD Study 2010 estimated the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors globally and for 21 regions for 1990 and 2010. Their underlying dataset provides four metrics for 291 diseases and injuries: deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) by region, age, and sex.

These results were published in The Lancet in December 2012 in "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups," "Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010," and "Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010."

Indicator table of Global Health Data Exchange

Health StatusIndicatorsDecomposition
     Causes of Death and Mortality Rates 187 countries, 21 world regions, 67 risk factors, 291 diseases and injuries, 20 age groups and both sexes, 1,160 sequelae
Years of Life Lost (YLL)
Years lived with disability (YLD)
Disability-adjusted life years (DALY)
Appropriateness N/A
Safety N/A
Responsiveness N/A
Outputs/Activities   N/A
Physical Inputs Human Resources N/A
Infrastructure N/A
Costs N/A
Access to Effective Care N/A
Distribution N/A
Non-Medical Determinants of HealthIndicatorsDecomposition
Lifestyle Tobacco smoking, including second-hand smoke All ages and gender
Alcohol and drug use
Dietery risk factors and physical inactivity
Sexual abuse and violence
Occupational risk factors Above 15
Physiological risk factors such as BMI Above 25
Child and maternal undernutrition Ages 0 to 5 years
Personal Resources N/A
Socio Economic Conditions and Environment N/A
Physical Environment

Unimproved water and sanitation

All ages and gender
Air pollution Age <5 years for lower respiratory tract infection; ≥25 years for others
Other enironmental factors (such as lead exposure) Household